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Regional Geocaching Policies Wiki

Geocaching HQ encourages geocachers to find at least 20 geocaches before setting out to hide their own geocache.

The greater variety of geocaches that someone finds, the better they will understand how to create an enjoyable experience for other geocachers.

Find additional guidance about hiding caches in the Geocaching Help CentreFor publication, geocaches must follow the Geocaching Guidelines

For caches placed in Ontario, Canada the items listed below also apply.

Important - Last Updated October 16th 2020

Ontario - Community First - COVID-19

  • On March 23rd 2020, the Ontario Reviewer Team paused all Reviews for all cache types.
  • On June 8th 2020, the Ontario Reviewer Team resumed Publishing of non-Event/non-CITO caches.
  • On July 13th 2020, the Ontario government announced a regional plan to reopen the province.
  • On July 17th 2020, provincial outdoor gathering limits were increased in Stage 3 regions to allow a maximum of 100 people.
  • On July 19th 2020, the Ontario Reviewer Team resumed Reviewing CITOs in Stage 3 regions (subject to permission and COVID-19 directives).
  • On September 18th 2020, the Ontario government announced that Peel, Toronto and Ottawa regions were moving to a modified Stage 2 approach re: COVID-19.
  • On September 19th 2020, the Ontario government announced 28-day province wide gathering limits (25 persons max/outdoors).
  • On October 16th 2020, the Ontario government announced that York region would be moving to a modified Stage 2 approach re: COVID-19 as of October 19th.

Events/CITOs are intended to be a positive community activity - enjoyed by and open to... all.  Objectively, Event dynamics and attendance are difficult to regulate.

As of September 19th 2020 the Ontario Reviewer Team have :

  • Paused the Review of CITOs (and continued the pause on the Review of Events) in Ontario
  • Disabled/Archived all Published CITOs scheduled between September 19th 2020 and October 16th 2020 (to align with the September 19th window of 28 days)

There are different opinions on how Events and CITOs should/could be handled during pandemic; there is no right approach that everyone will be able to agree on.

As of October 16th 2020 - with the ever changing public health situation - the pause on Events and CITOs will remain until further notice; this page will be updated as the situation changes.

  • Awareness content regarding COVID-19 even when well intentioned is not suitable for any cache page.  Raising awareness is an Agenda.
  • COVID-19 may be mentioned in non-informative ways e.g. "We began geocaching during COVID-19 as a family activity".

The patience and ongoing understanding of the Ontario geocaching community is greatly appreciated.

Ontario - Adoption of Cache Pages/Transfer of Ownership  

  • Reviewers do not have the ability to adopt/transfer ownership of a cache page from one Player account to another.

  • Only the owner of an active cache page can initiate an adoption request to another Player by visiting .

  • Geocaching HQ will not process an ownership transfer of a cache page without written permission from the cache owner or their estate.

  • Archived cache pages cannot be adopted.

Ontario - Challenge Caches

On May 25th 2016, Geocaching HQ announced the end of the moratorium on Challenge Caches in the Geocaching Blog.

Items listed below with bullet points are direct quotes from the Geocaching HQ articles above; text in bold has been provided by the Ontario Reviewer Team as clarification.

  • "Challenge cache owners must demonstrate that there are plenty of qualifying caches to meet the challenge at the time of publication."

  • "If only a few people can find and log a challenge cache, then it’s almost like a private cache. (And private caches aren’t permitted on the website)."

    If there are a limited/restrictive number of qualifying caches available for a Challenge cache, it may not be Guidelines compliant.

  • "Challenge cache owners must show that they have met the challenge".

  • A challenge cache needs to appeal to and be attainable by a reasonable number of cachers. Your reviewer may ask for a list of cachers from your area who qualify."

    The Ontario Reviewer Team consider the "reasonable number of cachers" to be 10 (in addition to the cache owner); they should be based within Ontario.

  • "The container must be placed at coordinates on the listing, either as posted coordinates, or as a visible additional waypoint."

    The coordinates of a container for a Challenge cache must be visible on the cache page; Challenge caches cannot have a puzzle element or hidden waypoints.

  • "Difficulty rating (should) be based on the challenge, the terrain rating on the challenge cache location."

    The terrain rating of a Challenge cache should be rated as if it were a Traditional cache in the same location.   

  • "Challenge caches published after April 21, 2015 must include a link to a web-based challenge checker. At this time, Project-GC is the only website approved to host challenge checkers."

    All Challenge caches must have a unique Project GC challenge checker, even if qualification can be verified by visiting the profile page/statistics of a Player.

    Proof of qualification in a log (e.g. GC codes or bookmarks of qualifiers) should not be requested for a Challenge cache published after April 21, 2015.

    The onus is on the cache owner to verify those who log the cache as found have met the qualifying requirements, using the Project-GC Challenge Checker.

  • "Challenge caches are sometimes difficult to review for publication due to the subjectivity involved. Meaning, one person’s opinion can differ from anothers, which can cause issues in the review process. One of the major goals of the 2016 guideline update for challenge caches was to reduce some of that subjectivity. However, we can’t completely remove subjectivity from the process."

    The Ontario Reviewer Team strives to be consistent with Reviews for cache pages in Ontario. In an effort to be fair to geocachers across the province,

    The approach to Reviews has been considered to be "provincial", not "regional" - as the arbitrary definition of a region/area is more subjective.

  • Please do not submit a challenge cache in an area where a very similar or identical challenge cache already exists.”

    Challenge caches may need to be relocated if another Challenge cache is noted to be within 50km, as measured by Google Maps shortest driving route.

Project-GC is a third party partner of Geocaching HQ; their Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) page will answer many questions that relate to Challenge Checkers.

Project-GC host a forum where Challenge Checkers can be requested - the Project-GC Challenge Checker development/tagging does not involve Reviewers!

Project-GC request that every Challenge Checker have a unique "tag" that matches the GC code of the cache – for more information, click here.

From the Geocaching Blog announcement:

  • "Challenge cache owners are integral to the success of this framework. It’s important that they work within these guidelines in order to reduce the burden that reviewers felt prior to the moratorium. If after a period of evaluation we find that a lot of the pre-moratorium issues are still causing problems, then we’ll know that this new framework isn’t the answer. We don’t have a backup plan. The only remaining option would be to not permit challenge caches as they currently exist."
    The Ontario Reviewer Team are optimistic with regards to working through the revised Challenge Cache framework, alongside the Ontario geocaching community.

    The Geocaching Guidelines are revised by Geocaching HQ from time to time. With your constructive feedback - the Ontario Reviewer Team can not only provide Geocaching HQ with information for future Geocaching Guidelines consideration - we can hopefully improve our own approaches and processes, also.

Ontario - Check To Determine If Your Coordinates Are Available

  • Determine the coordinates for your intended placement(s) before you hide any physical containers/items.

  • Ensure that your proposed placement adheres to the current Geocaching Guidelines (don't forget the 161m saturation rule!).

  • Review the Geocaching Help Centre and Getting Your Cache Listed Quickly for other placement and cache page considerations.

  • Create a "placeholder" cache page; be sure to enter your intended placement coordinates (don't forget Additional Waypoints).

  • Post an explanatory Reviewer Note -  e.g. "CACHE NOT IN PLACE - PLEASE CHECK COORDINATES".

  • Ensure your placeholder cache page is Submitted For Review.

  • If there are any Geocaching Guidelines issues with your intended coordinates you will notified and your cache page will be Disabled by the Reviewer.  Coordinates that are unavailable may not be reserved.

  • If you relocate your placement, use the Edit link on the right of the cache page to update your coordinates.

  • Submit For Review again - the Reviewer will again check to determine if everything is Geocaching Guidelines compliant.

  • If a Land Management Policy is on record for your cache location, the Reviewer will refer you to the appropriate Land Manager Permission Process.

Ontario - Event and CITO Cache Pages

Events often occur at venues which offer products/food and drink to patrons.
Cache pages should not include recommendations, refer to venue features or emphasize available menu items as this could be interpreted as being promotional/commercial.
A simple sentence such as "Food and drink are available" will ensure Attendees know when there are options.
(Note: If Attendees have questions regarding an Event or what is offered at a venue, they always have the option to contact the Event Host via their Profile Page). 

 Event/CITO cache pages should:

  • Be listed with a Difficulty rating of 1.

  • Be listed with a Terrain rating of 1 if they are wheelchair accessible.

  • Be listed with a fixed start time and end time that appears in the descriptive text.

  • Be listed with a minimum duration of 30 minutes (if an Event) or 60 minutes (if a CITO).

  • Be submitted for review at least 14 days prior to the event date (21 days is preferable).

  • Include a social element, coordinated by the cache owner (who will also maintain the cache page and logs).

  • Be open to all - if a limited number of seats/space are/is available for attendees, those who wish to simply drop-in (and not stay) are also eligible to log the event.

  • Be static and listed with fixed land/ice surface based coordinates.

Event/CITO cache pages should not:

  • Require a log book - they may be listed with a clear mention of the log book being optional as there is no requirement to sign a log book at an event.

  • Contain commercial, promotional or agenda based content.

  • Endorse or provide opinions regarding the quality of a venue or its offerings.

  • Restrict the number of attendees who can attend the event.

  • Promote the finding or placement of caches.

  • Be created to bring cachers to an existing event/gathering that would already be occurring if the event was not published on the Geocaching website.

  • Imply the requirement to participate in extra activities (other than being at the event coordinates during the time window of the event) to log the event as Attended. 

  • Be scheduled on the same day as a local/regional Mega/GIGA event.

  • Be held near transportation centres such as airports, cruise ship terminals or train stations.

  • Include recommendations, suggestions, menu items or links to commercial websites, products or services.

Event/CITO cache pages may:

  • Mention the name of the event location (e.g. restaurant name) in the descriptive text of the cache page, not the cache page title.

  • Include non-specific text indicating that food/beverages are optionally available at an event location.

  • Include a link to an ad-free webpage or geocaching profile page where additional event information is provided.

  • Include references only to trackables being available for sale if the trackables are specifically created for the event and they are trackable on the website.

  • Focus on teaching opportunities for the specific Geocaching API partners, GSAK and Project-GC.

A CITO ("Cache In Trash Out") event should focus on the improvement parks and cache-friendly places; appropriate CITO activities include:

  • Removing garbage from a designated.

  • Tree-planting.

  • Trail-building.

  • Removal of invasive species.

Ontario - Event Stacking  

"Event Stacking" occurs when an attempt is made to host multiple events/CITOs in relative proximity (in location and time).

  • If an Event is scheduled within 2 hours of an existing Event, there should be a distance of at least 32km between them (measured as the crow flies).

e.g.  If an Event runs from 4PM to 7PM, any other Event less than 32km away should end no later than two hours before (2PM) or begin no earlier than two hours after (9PM).

It is recommended to check the upcoming Event Caches in Ontario by clicking here.

With the likelihood of there being more promoted Event opportunities in 2020, the Ontario Reviewer Team wish to make it easier for Players to host Events without them being considered "Stacked". For this reason, the 2-hour window and 32km crow-flies approach is being tested - optimistically, this could remain long term if the community approach is positive. In comparison, the UK Reviewer Team approach to Event Stacking requires at least 10 hours between different Events.

Ontario - Event Promotion and Caches Associated With Events

As per Geocaching HQ guidance:

  • Only Event (not CITO) Caches may promote other geocaching events.

  • If a cache page is promoting another Event Cache, it cannot encourage the logging of Will Attends; this includes references such as "Don't forget to log your Will Attend".

  • "Any mention of an event in a non-Event cache must be limited to one singular sentence similar to: this cache has been placed for the [insert name of Event here], placed at the bottom of the long description"

    The Ontario Reviewer Team currently considers exceptions to this guidance by specifically allowing the singular sentence to include the name, date and start time of an event in a non-Event cache page with text such as "This cache was placed with the intention of being found for event/occasion on date/time". There should however be no implication of there being any penalty for those who choose to find/log a cache as soon as it has been Published as Published means ready to be found. It is also possible to make a Future Publish Request so that a cache is Published on a specific date.

Ontario - Future Publish Requests

  • Cache pages that include a specific Publish date request should be Submitted for Review at least 14 days in advance.

  • Requests for morning/afternoon/evening Publish on a particular date may be possible - however timing cannot be guaranteed.

Ontario - Health Score

  • To help improve the overall caching experience, Geocaching HQ created an algorithm to calculate a hidden Health Score for each geocache.

  • A low Health Score provides an indication that the cache may need attention from the owner.

  • The goal is to improve the overall geocaching experience and avoid frustrations due to missing or broken caches.

  • The algorithm isn't perfect; it cannot read and interpret the text within a cache page - however it does take the following aspects of a page into consideration:

  1.    Did Not Find logs(DNF)

  2.    Needs Maintenance logs (NM)

  3.    Needs Archived logs (NA)

  4.    Last find date

  5.    Difficulty and terrain rating

  • If the Health Score of a cache is calculated below a dynamic threshold, an automatic alert email is sent to the cache owner by Geocaching HQ.

  • A Community Volunteer Reviewer may follow up to perform further actions on the cache page.

  • Neither Geocaching HQ or the Community Volunteer Reviewer can assess the status of a cache; it is the responsibility of the cache owner, as part of cache maintenance.

  • If there are a multiple DNFs logs on a cache - the community may not know if the cache is missing or is simply hard to find.

  • If a cache page has posted DNFs - and the cache owner knows that the cache is in definitely in place - they should reassure the community by posting a Note log.

e.g. "There have been a few DNFs, however it is a clever hide! I checked on it this morning. Check the hint!"

  • If a Community Volunteer Reviewer does not see a response from a cache owner on their cache page after DNF/Maintenance Requests requests, it may be Disabled.

  • If a cache owner knows with certainty that their cache is in place and ready to be found, they may Enable the cache page, with an explanatory note.

  • If a cache owner is unable to definitively confirm the status of their cache, the cache page should remain Disabled and a Maintenance visit should be scheduled.

  • An Owner Maintenance log should only be posted after a maintenance visit has occurred.

  • Only when a cache is confirmed to be in place and ready to be found should a cache page be Enabled.

The number of "false positives" flagged with this process are minimal compared to the number of abandoned caches that this process will remove from the game.

Ontario - Land Management Permission Process

  • Before permission is requested from a Land Manager, you should check to determine if your coordinates are available.

  • To obtain permission for placements in the area/site/properties listed below, refer to the appropriate site/contact/policy resources.

  • Be sure to provide the coordinates of your physical placement(s) and your listing GC code to the site/property/land manager.

  • Coordinates should be provided in DD MM.MMM or "GPS notation" - they should look similar to N??° ??.??? W0??° ??.??? (where ?s are digits from 0 to 9).

Need help converting your coordinates to DD MM.MMM GPS notation? Click here to visit an external/3rd party site that may help; click here to see an example.

  • If permission is granted, request that the authority providing permission send a confirmation e-mail to :

    • The permission e-mail must originate from the authority or agency responsible for the site/property.

    • The e-mail must contain the GC code of the relevant cache page.

    • The e-mail must include coordinates of ALL physical placements (e.g. permission is needed for each physical stage of a multi-cache).

    • To avoid typographical errors, scanned images and photographs of permits should be avoided.

  • Once permission confirmation is received, CacheDrone will paste the text of the permission e-mail on the cache page in a Reviewer Note.

  • At this point you should make sure your cache is in place and ready to go!

  • Ensure your cache page is accurate - post a Reviewer Note to indicate you are ready for the cache page to be published.

  • When everything is ready to be found, Submit For Review!

Ontario - Land Management Policies* 

Last updated as of 13/Oct/2020



Site/Policy/Contact Resources for Permission

Bruce Trail Conservancy

As Posted

Inquiries may be sent to with subject ATTN: BTC Ecologist

Canada Post Corporation

Federal Legislation

Placements on Canada Post property (e.g. mailboxes) can be considered mail tampering which is a Federal Offense.

Permission from local Postmaster would be required.

Cataraqui Region Conservation Authority

Under Review
Geocaches can only be placed up to 2 metres on either side of a CLOCA designated trail.

Central Lake Ontario Conservation Authority

As Posted

City of London - Ecologically Significant Areas

As Posted

No geocaches permitted in ESAs (

Geocaching is indirectly prohibited as per Linda McDougall - Ecologist - Environmental & Parks Planning - Section 5.4.

Grand River Conservation Authority

As Posted 

The GRCA oversee ~20,000 hectares of holdings across Ontario.
Geocaching activities may ONLY be permitted only in the following GRCA designated parks:
Belwood Lake, Conestogo Lake, Rockwood, Brant, Elora Gorge, Pinehurst Lake, Byng Island, Guelph Lake, Shade's Mills and Laurel Creek.

Pending updates from GRCA - Sep/Oct 2020

Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Railbed

Access Fee

Access to former GTP railbed (including Flett Tunnel) is now governed by Wagner Forest Management.

A permit is required to use/access the former railway bed and various surrounding properties.

No specific geocaching placement permits have been requested from Wagner Forest Management (as of Nov 2019).

Anyone geocaching on the properties would require a permit to access.

Hamilton Conservation Authority

As Posted

Contact is (Matthew Hall)

Lower Trent Conservation

As Posted

Nature Conservancy of Canada (Ontario)

Under Review

Niagara Parks Commission

As Posted

Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority

Contact is Kim Frolich (

Ontario Parks

Site Specific

Permission is rarely given and must be obtained from the Park Superintendent for the specific property/site.

Parks Canada

As Posted
Note: No Trade Items Permitted In Caches On Parks Canada Property

rare Charitable Research Reserve

Rouge Park

This is now under the jurisdiction of Parks Canada (see above)

Royal Botanical Gardens

Contact is Margaret Walton (

Toronto and Region Conservation Authority

As Posted via

Note: This policy only applies to lands owned and managed by TRCA.

Ontario - Land Management Policy Revocation 

  • If a cache is Archived due to a permissions issue, ongoing logging of the Archived cache may be viewed negatively by the Land Manager/Property Manager.

  • If a Land Manager/Property Manager does not provide permission for a cache placement, the cache owner should arrange to retrieve all elements of the cache as promptly as possible.

Ontario - Off-Limits Locations  

  • Natural gas tanks/meters, hydro-electric transformers, electrical substations, transmission towers and equipment with warning signage should be considered off-limits locations for cache hides.

  • Canada Post Mailboxes, Super Mailboxes and all Canada Post properties should be considered off-limits locations for cache hides, unless written permission can be provided by the Postmaster.

  • On/off ramps and roads/highways that only permit emergency stopping are not intended to be accessed by pedestrians; they are off-limits locations for accessing and hiding caches.

  • Schools, playgrounds, daycare centres, airports and other locations where unexplained objects and/or visitors may be misinterpreted as security risks should also be avoided.

Ontario - Published Means It Is Ready To Be Found!

  • Cache pages should not include/impose restrictions (e.g. "Do not find this/this cache should not be found until after date/time") on when a cache is ready to be found.

  • If you do not wish your cache to be found until a certain date, a Future Publish Request may be requested (see above).

  • You may choose to include positively worded text on your cache page, such as: "This was placed with the intention of being found for event/occasion on date/time".

Ontario - Railway Lines

  • The Rail Safety Group of Transport Canada regulates the railway industry in Canada. 

  • Section 26.1 of the Railway Safety Act makes it an offense to trespass on any railway lands in Canada.

  • Caches that require access to and/or are situated near railway lines may be subject to additional scrutiny during the Review process.

Ontario - Social Media Links (You Tube, Instagram, Twitter, Facebook, Snapchat etc)

  • Cache pages should not include content that promotes the acquisition of social media channel subscribers/followers as this would be promoting an agenda/highlighting a cause.

  • Linked media content on a cache page should be relevant to that specific cache.

  • Geocaching HQ requires that cache pages that have links to social media groups also include a disclaimer; "As the geocache owner, I ensure that this links to a local geocaching group that is active in the community and contributing to geocaching in positive ways. This link has not been checked by Geocaching HQ or by the reviewer."

Ontario - Suitable Cache Containers  

  • All physical caches (Traditional, Multicache, Letterbox, Puzzle/Mystery and Wherigo) should be minimally comprised of a container and a log.

  • Containers should be watertight and suitable to survive the hot/cold temperature extremes of Ontario.  

Ontario - Works In Progress

  • If a new cache page is submitted for review and it has a proximity issue with an unpublished ("Work In Progress") cache page, various factors are considered.

  • A Work In Progress cache page may be ignored if appears it was not Geocaching Guidelines compliant at the time of the last known update.

  • If six months or more has passed since the last posted log from the cache owner on a Work In Progress cache page, it will be ignored or archived.

  • If 3 months or more have passed since the last posted log from the cache owner of a Work In Progress cache page, a Reviewer will request that an updated log be posted within 14 days, confirming that the cache page will soon be submitted for review. If the cache owner does not respond, the Work In Progress cache page may be ignored or archived.

  • If a Work In Progress cache page is less than 3 months old, it is considered active. If a cache owner is informed that a location in unavailable due to a Work In Progress cache page nearby, they may relocate their cache elements, or submit their cache page again at a later date.

* This page is always a work in progress. Objects in the mirror are closer than they appear. May contain traces of nuts. Do not use for drying pets. Leakage is neither expected or warrantied. For external use, only.

Updates may be sent to CacheShadow

October 4th 2020: Updated COVID-19 Response to add info regarding agenda based content

August 28th 2020: Updated GRCA land management details

August 1st 2020 : Updated Rouge Park land management and TRCA land management policy links

July 16th 2020 : Updated Crown Land text in CITO Phased Approach

July 14th 2020 : CITO Phased Approach Posted

May 24th 2020 : Updated Rouge Park and TRCA website links

May 19th 2020 : Pre-Reviews for Ontario resuming

May 17th 2020 : COVID-19 Response - section update - version 7

April 14th 2020 : Updated text to include Geocaching HQ provided URLs

March 23rd 2020 : Updated Community First text for all cache Reviews

March 16th 2020 : Added Community First text for Events

December 6th 2019 : Added example text

December 1st 2019 : More flexible and definitive Event stacking approach

November 11th 2019 : Revised Land Manager text for Wagner Forest Management

April 2nd 2019 : Updated Social text

March 7th 2019 : Updated Event text

February 15th 2019 : Updated Social Media clarification and Event text

January 14th 2019 : Updated policy information for RARE

June 13th 2018 : Added Social Media clarification with updated guidance from Geocaching HQ 

April 21st 2018 : Updated Niagara Parks URL

February 23rd 2018 : Updated Work In Progress Text

January 3rd 2018 : Modified with updated guidance from Geocaching HQ regarding event promotion

December 8th 2017 : Modified to refer to Geocaching Guidelines vs Listing Guidelines; modified to refer to Cache Pages vs. Cache Listings

August 16th 2017 : Updated London ESA info, Quick Links for Favourites/Events

June 13th 2017 : Updated URL for GRCA

Apr 2nd 2017 : Added text regarding similar/identical Challenge caches

Feb 10th 2017 : Project-GC and GSAK related events are now publishable, as per Geocaching HQ!

Feb 14th 2017 : Added direction that CITOs should not be side events for Mega/Giga events

Mar 3rd 2017 : Added section on Health Score

Mar 6th 2017 - Updated TRCA link 

Community Volunteer Reviewers - Ontario

Click here to see upcoming Events in Ontario

Click here to see the caches in Ontario with the most Favourite Points

Click here to see the geocoins/trackables near your home location

About This Guide

The local laws and guidelines for geocaching placement vary from place to place. As community reviewers learn geocache placement policies for a certain location, they can add it here. This site may not be a complete or accurate list of land policies. These policies are made by the land owner or manager, they are neither the reviewer’s nor Geocaching HQ’s. This guide is just for reference, if no policies for the area you’re looking for are listed, that doesn't mean no policies exist. You must still obtain permission to place your geocache from the landowner or land manager,comply with all applicable laws, and follow the Geocaching Listing Requirements.

If you have an update, email the community reviewer(s) listed.

This work is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 If you contribute to this wiki, you agree to provide permission to others under this license.

If you share information from this site, you must mention "These regional land policies came from the Public Wiki and are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No-Derivatives 4.0 International License."

 And, you agree to keep content current by checking back regularly for updates.



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